The contemporary world has a love affair with coffee. We love to drink it hot, iced, cold-brewed, or loaded with enough milk and sugar to make ice cream. We always love to talk about exotic coffee beans. Out of hundreds of variety of coffee that exists, we only drink coffee from two, Arabica Coffee (Coffea Arabica) and Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora). However, Arabica coffee is the most common. When people first found that they can boil coffee beans and can get a delicious beverage, it was Arabica beans that were being boiled. Arabica coffee plant grows in plenty of places around the world. However, initially, it was cultivated in the Ethiopian highlands. It typically grows better on the altitudes where there are few hot, humid swings throughout the year.
What is Arabica Coffee?
Arabica coffee is the most widespread coffee in the world. Around 60% of all the coffee sold comes from the Arabica plant. You can find its seed within a small, red fruit that is often known as a cherry. It implies that this coffee can be classified as a drupe. Its seeds are flat, elongated, and have a classic groove down the middle. The single fruit contains two coffee beans that are protected by a membrane called parchment. You will also find a layer of pulp from the fruit too, which is sweet surprisingly.
Each Arabica plant requires at least seven years to become fully mature. And it likes to grow in a place that receives about 60 inches of rain every year.
Arabica coffee is the only plant of its genus to contain 44 chromosomes. And as it prefers higher altitudes and tropical regions, the plant flowers when the rainy season comes around. The flowers are beautifully white, fragrant, and create a striking scene when an entire grove is in bloom. You will get the fruit of the plant after nine months of the flowering process. And after that, the harvesting process begins. And because the plant can give you ripened and unripened fruit simultaneously, you require precision in the harvest. After the harvesting process, beans are processed and then sent for roasting. And then, based on your preference, you are presented with a cup of brewed exotic coffee beans in the morning.
After being developed in Yemen, the custom of brewing Arabica beans to make coffee spread throughout the Arabian Peninsula. From there, traders took the coffee around the globe. Arabica coffee was known in Europe by the 1600s and spread to the North American colonies. And it became popular after the American colonists had a disagreement with King Goerge of England over tea and taxes.
The taste factor of Arabica coffee is highly responsible for its popularity. It has more natural sugars and lipids. It makes Arabica coffee taste smoother, less bitter, and slightly sweeter. Their exact taste depends on the process of preparing them. Coffee beans are roasted for different intervals of time to get specific flavors and textures. The reason why the majority of the world’s coffee is Arabica is due to the overall consistency that these beans offer. When you will have well-prepared home brew, you will notice that Arabica coffee offers a sweet aroma, a slightly acidic profile, and a hint of caramel and chocolate at the end.
How Arabica Beans are Roasted?
A trivial roast is roasted for the shortest amount of time. They contain a mild flavor and intend to retain more caffeine than a darker roast. However, more scientific research is necessary to back this fact. Medium roast also called American roast due to its fame in the US, has a richer flavor and darker color. But it has a smoother mouth-feel due to the oils released in the roasting process. Roasting is part of adjusting the flavor equation. To get the full perks of the Arabica coffee, you need to brew it properly.
How to Brew Arabica Coffee?
Brewing a coffee is somewhat a matter of taste. The perfect way to ensure that your brew is satisfying is to start with coffee beans that have been roasted within the past fourteen days. Because after being roasting, if you tend to keep them for a long time, they will offer you less flavor. And the same thing applies to grinding your coffee. The sooner you use the ground beans, the better your coffee will be. Ground coffee decays more quickly. Bitterness is rarely an issue with the coffee, even if you trying a strong brew. You should see a floating layer of reddish-brown foam with an espresso, while the brewed coffee should offer darkness that utters of an appealing flavor.
The caffeine content of Arabian coffee is somewhat soft compared to other types. At its top, each bean contains less than 2% per volume. That means you’ll fancy a perfect wake-up call with your cup of coffee in the morning without the jittery buzz. It gives a smooth flavor, a constant profile, and just sufficient acidity to make your mouth feel enthusiastic about the day. The coffee speaks for itself. As for the rest of the experience, that is up to you.
Pros of Arabica Coffee
- Aranica coffee helps to sharpen your mental focus and increase attention by stimulating the brain with its caffeine content.
- People who consume coffee on a regular and moderate basis are less likely to develop the risk of Alzheimer’s and dementia.
- Coffee helps you to burn calories faster, and its caffeine content expedites the body’s metabolism and helps you in weight loss.
- According to studies, those who drink coffee regularly have a lower chance of developing type-2 diabetes. Its nutrients help to balance the blood sugar levels in the blood.
- Drinking coffee regularly can improve the health of your heart and liver.
- Take Arabica coffee beans, prepare a strong infusion, and have it once a day for asthma.
- For gum disease, Take Arabica coffee beans, prepare a decoction. Gargle with it twice a day.
- Coffee is rich in antioxidants and thus is considered a healthy beverage around the world.
- Its natural effects can do wonders for people who are suffering from depression and stress.
- It lights-up your mood, relieves stress, and improves the quality of your life.
Cons of Arabica Coffee
- Like other coffee beans, Arabica coffee also consists of caffeine content. It is not considered injurious in sensible quantities. However, consuming coffee recklessly can pose some severe health concerns.
- Consuming coffee too much can keep you to wake up, but too much caffeine content can lead you to anxiety and insomnia.
- People with hypertension might be susceptible to Arabic coffee because coffee can tentatively raise your blood pressure.
- According to studies consuming excessive coffee as opposed to eating triggers the production of excessive cholesterol. Because the compound cafestol and kahweol lead you to this situation.
- It is crucial to avoid ingesting high-quality beans to keep yourself safe from excessive cholesterol.